Dear Patients,
In this section you will find basic instructions,that you have to follow to obtain adequate and accurate results when conducting your clinical tests in Laboratory Kandilarov.

Complete blood count – the test is conducting in the morning (preferably 7.00 AM – 9.00 AM) after fasting, including without intake of coffee.

Glucose (blood sugar) – the test is conducting in the morning (preferably 7.00 AM – 9.00 AM) after fasting, including without intake of coffee.

Blood glucose profile – you don’t fast, don’t stop your treatment, and don’t alter your normal daily routine. The test is carried out under a scheme prescribed by your doctor.

Oral glucose tolerance test – three days before the test, the patient consumes a mixed diet with at least 150 gr carbohydrates daily. If the patient is taking medications that affect carbohydrate metabolism, their intake should be discontinued for a period of 3 days before the test. The test is carried out under a scheme, prescribed by your doctor.

Lipid status – the test is conducted in the morning on an empty stomach after 12-hours fasting. 2-3 days before testing patient takes a low-fat food. If taking drugs that affect lipid metabolism, their intake should be discontinued for a period of 2 weeks before the study.

Electrolytes and Trace elements – the test is conducted at least 10 days after the last administrations of drugs containing them, including multivitamin complexes.

Thyroid hormones – the test is conducted in the morning without taking coffee or other caffeine containing substances and without medications before blood donation.

Reproductive (sex) hormones – the test is conducted in the morning under a scheme depending on the phase of menstrual cycle. Without hormonal drug administration before taking blood.

Vit B12 and folic acid in serum – the test is conducted at least 10 days after the last drug administration containing them, including multivitamin complexes.

Urine analysis (general chemical analysis and sediment) – explores middle portion of the first morning urine which is collected in chemically clean containers, after careful local genital toilet.

Sterile urine – have to be investigated first morning urine as it is collected in special sterile containers.

Calcium, phosphorus, catecholamines in 24-hour urine – urine collection starts in the morning (7:00 to 7:30). Eject the first portion of urine (it is not necessary for the study). Each subsequent portion is collected in a pre-washed container suitable for determining the total quantity of urine (e.g. bottle of 2 liters). At the beginning a preservative is added in the urine. After each addition of urine shake well and store in a cool place and protected from direct sun light. The collection of urine ends with the addition of first urine portion in the morning (7:00 – 7:30). Determine the total quantity of urine for 24 hours. The laboratory earned 50-100 ml of total.

Creatinine clearance, microalbumin in 24-hour urine – urine collection starts in the morning (7:00 to 7:30). Eject the first portion of urine (it is not necessary for the study). Each subsequent portion is collected in a pre-washed container suitable for determining the total quantity of urine (e.g. bottle of 2 liters). After each addition of urine shake well and store in a cool place and protected from direct sun light. The collection of urine ends with the addition of first urine portion in the morning (7:00 – 7:30). Determine the total quantity of urine for 24 hours. The laboratory earned 50-100 ml of total.

Uric acid in 24-hour urine – urine collection starts in the morning (7:00 to 7:30). Eject the first portion of urine (it is not necessary for the study). Each subsequent portion is collected in a pre-washed container suitable for determining the total quantity of urine (e.g. bottle of 2 liters). At the beginning a preservative is added in the urine. After each addition of urine shake well and store in a cool place and protected from direct sun light. The collection of urine ends with the addition of first urine portion in the morning (7:00 – 7:30). Determine the total quantity of urine for 24 hours. The laboratory earned 50-100 ml of total.

Throat secret – the secret for examination is taken in the morning before eating, no oral hygiene and without brushing teeth.

Nose and ear secret – the secret for examination is taken 12 hours after the last drug administration.

Eye secret – the secret for examination is taken before initiation of antibiotic treatment.

Ejaculate (semen) for microbiology – ejaculate eliminated by self-made masturbation. Wash your hands and penis in advance. The material is collected in a sterile container that has to be brought to the Laboratory within 2 hours after sample taking.

Spermogram – the material for examination is taken after 5 days of complete sexual abstinence. The material is collected in a sterile container that has to be brought to the Laboratory within 1 hour after the sample taking.

Parasitology – morphological assessment of the parasites – the material is taken from different parts of the feces and it is placed in a special container.

Parasitology – Ostritsa –the material is taken in the morning before the toilet and stool and using scotch tape that get stuck in the area of anus and then it is attached on a slide.